While developing mobile phone applications, businesses target Android due to its massive worldwide mobile os market share. Alphabet has made Android available as an open source mobile platform. Also, it updates the mobile operating-system at regular intervals with extra features and enhancements. But the penetration rate of individual versions of the mobile operating system differs.
Alphabet will not regulate the Android smartphones, tablets, and phablets manufactured by various companies. Hence, the devices manufactured by different companies have varying hardware features despite being powered by the same version of Android. For this reason; it becomes essential for developers build mobile apps by targeting a wide range of devices powered by different versions of Android.
While planning, developing, and testing the mobile app, they need to focus extensively on its accessibility, functionality, performance, usability, and security of the mobile app to help keep users engaged no matter their selection of Android device. Also, they should explore ways to create the app deliver personalized user experience across varying devices and operating-system version. They further need to address numerous common challenges to produce a strong Android app.
As mentioned previously, the current market share of individual versions of Android differs. In accordance with the latest data released by Google, the latest version of the mobile os – Nougat – includes a market share lower than its predecessors – Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat. Each new edition of Android comes along with several additional features and enhancements. The developers need to include specific features in the app to make it deliver optimal user experience by benefiting from these new features. At the same time, they also have to ensure that the app delivers rich and personalized user experience on devices powered by older versions of Android. The developers need to target multiple versions of Android to create the application popular and profitable in the short run.
Unlike other mobile systems, Android is open source. Alphabet allows device manufacturers to customize its operating-system in accordance with their specific needs. Also, it will not regulate the Android devices launched by various manufacturers. Hence, the devices include varying hardware features despite being powered through the same version of Android. For example, two devices powered by Android Nougat may vary from one another in the category of display size, resolution, camera and other hardware features. While developing an Android app, the developers need to ensure that it delivers personalized experience to every user by accessing all hardware highlights of his device.
Google has not yet released any common user interface (UI) designing process or rules for the mobile app developers. Hence, most developers build Free Apps for Mobile Phones without following any standard UI development process or rules. If the developers create custom UI interfaces in their own individual way, the apps usually do not look or function consistently across different devices. The incompatibility and diversity of the UI affects an individual experience delivered from the Android app directly. The smart developers choose responsive layout to keep the UI consistent across many devices. Also, the developers must test the UI of the mobile app comprehensively by combining both real devices and emulators. But often developers find it daunting to create a UI that will make the app look consistent across various Android devices.
Most developers use third-party APIs to boost the mobile app’s functionality and interoperability. But the quality of third-party APIs available for Android app developers differs. Some APIs are designed for a particular version of Android. Hence, these APIs tend not to work on devices powered by different versions from the mobile operating system. The developers need to explore ways to produce a single API work on different versions of Android. However they often think it is hard to make the app work smoothly on different cfbska devices with the exact same list of APIs.
Its open source nature makes it easier for device manufacturers to customize Android according to their specific needs. However the openness and its massive market share made Android at risk of frequent security attacks. There are numerous instances when security of an incredible number of Android devices has become influenced by security flaws or bugs like Stagefright, ‘Certifi-gate’ mRST, FakeID, Installer Hijacking and TowelRoot. The developers have to include robust security features within the application and use latest encryption mechanism to help keep the consumer information secure despite targeted security attacks and security flaws in Android.
The latest data posted on various website depict that Google Play Store features a higher quantity of mobile apps than Apple App Store. Also, a large percentage of Android device users prefer free apps to paid apps. Hence, the developers need to promote their mobile apps aggressively to achieve higher download numbers and implement app monetization options. They also have to implement a thorough digital marketing strategy to market the app by targeting by far the most relevant users. Many developers need to avail the services of digital marketing professionals to market their apps aggressively.
You have option to pick from several Android apps offering identical features and functionalities. But developers often discover it daunting to construct apps with unique features and functionality. They often include features and functionalities inside the app that make it similar to numerous apps available in exactly the same category in the Play store. Unlike Apple, Google fails to implement stringent guidelines to judge the caliber of new apps being sent to its app store. Insufficient standardized quality assessment guidelines often make developers address issues related to patent. Some developers have to design and modify their apps in future to avoid patent issues.